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Favorite Movies of Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Adam Savage In many cases this is no more than a special belt worn by both wrestlers, while in others a special belted jacket and special trousers are worn.
Catch-hold styles require the contestants to take a prescribed hold before the contest begins; often this grip must be maintained throughout the struggle.
Loose styles of wrestling, which are used in modern international competition, commence with the wrestlers separated and free to seize any grip that they choose except such as are explicitly forbidden e.
Wrestling can also be classified in terms of what is required to win. These categories can be graded on an ascending scale of violence as follows: break-stance sports are those that require forcing the opponent to relinquish a certain posture or position; toppling requires that the standing opponent be forced to touch the ground with some part of his body other than his feet; touch-fall wrestling requires that the opponent be forced into a certain position, usually supine, for a brief instant; pin-fall wrestling requires that the opponent be held in such a position for a measurable length of time; and submission wrestling requires the opponent to vocally or visually signal defeat by his own choice.
No sport is older or more widely distributed than wrestling, often in highly local styles that have persisted to the present day.
Wrestling probably originated in hand-to-hand combat, and in particular as a sportive form of combat substituting the submission of a contestant for his death.
Works of art from bce depict belt wrestling in Babylonia and Egypt, and the Sumerian Gilgamesh epic has a description of such wrestling.
Loose wrestling in India dates to before bce. Chinese documents from bce describe loose wrestling, as do Japanese records from the 1st century bce.
The belt wrestling practiced locally in the 20th century by the Swiss, Icelanders, Japanese, and Cossacks differed little from that of the Egyptians in bce.
Wrestling was probably the most popular sport of the ancient Greeks. Young men belonged to palaestras, or wrestling schools, as the focal point of their social life.
Illustrations of wrestling on Greek vases and coins are common throughout all periods of ancient Greece , but all that can be told from it is that the style was loose wrestling and that wrestlers, as did all Greek athletes, competed naked.
Wrestling was part of the Olympic Games from bce. There were two wrestling championships in these games: a toppling event for the best two of three falls ; and the pankration Latin: pancratium , which combined wrestling and boxing and ended in the submission of one contestant.
Upright wrestling was also a part of the pentathlon event in the Olympic Games, a bout being fought to a clear-cut fall of one of the wrestlers.
Freestyle wrestling has its origins in catch-as-catch-can wrestling and the prime victory condition in this style involves the wrestler winning by throwing and pinning his opponent on the mat.
American high school and men's college wrestling is conducted under different rules and is termed scholastic and collegiate wrestling.
American women's college wrestling uses freestyle rules. Pankration, from the Greek words pan and kratos and meaning "all of power", is a world heritage martial art which was introduced to the Ancient Olympic Games in BC.
Modern amateur pankration is a form of mixed martial arts MMA that incorporates techniques from multiple systems. Matches are fought with both grappling holds and by striking techniques.
Alysh is a Turkic term for a Central Asian folk wrestling style which involves the wearing of jackets, trousers and thick belts.
Throughout the contest the wrestlers must retain their hold on each other's belt. For this reason it is also referred to as ' belt wrestling alysh' or 'alysh belt wrestling'.
The style originally mirrored the rules used before the use of wrestling mats,  and beach wrestling has been regarded as the oldest version of international competitive wrestling.
Wrestlers may also wear spandex or athletic shorts. The international rules have been modified in by UWW, with the current rules allowing wrestlers to score points via takedowns, pushing their opponent out of bounds, or bringing the opponent down to their back.
Folk wrestling describes a traditional form of wrestling unique to a culture or geographic region of the world that FILA does not administer rules for.
Examples of the many styles of folk wrestling, include backhold wrestling from Europe , Cumberland Wrestling and Catch-as-catch-can from England , kurash from Uzbekistan, gushteengiri from Tajikistan, khuresh from Siberia, Lotta Campidanese from Italy, koshti pahlavani from Iran, naban from Myanmar, pehlwani from India, penjang gulat from Indonesia, schwingen from Switzerland, tigel from Ethiopia, shuai jiao from China, and ssireum from Korea.
Folk wrestling styles are not recognized as international styles of wrestling by UWW. It is so called because the wrestlers douse themselves with olive oil.
The wrestlers, known as pehlivanlar meaning "champion" wear a type of hand-stitched lederhosen called a kispetler , which are traditionally made of water buffalo hide, and most recently have been made of calfskin.
Unlike Olympic wrestling, oil wrestling matches may be won by achieving an effective hold of the kisbet. Thus, the pehlivan aims to control his opponent by putting his arm through the latter's kisbet.
If no winner is determined, another 15 minutes—10 minutes for the pehlivan category—of wrestling ensues, wherein scores are kept to determine the victor.
In recent years this style of wrestling has also become popular in other countries. Collegiate wrestling sometimes known as scholastic wrestling or folkstyle wrestling is the commonly used name of wrestling practiced by men at the college and university level in the United States.
This style, with modifications , is also practiced at the high school and middle school levels, and also for younger participants.
The term is used to distinguish the style from other styles of wrestling used in other parts of the world, and from those of the Olympic Games : Greco-Roman wrestling , and Freestyle wrestling.
Some high schools in the U. Junior varsity and freshman wrestling teams restrict competitors not only by weight, but also by age and the amount of wrestling a competitor can partake in.
For example, some junior varsity and freshman competitors are not allowed in tournament competition due to the amount of mat time a wrestler would accrue in a short time period.
Women's college wrestling in the U. A school chooses which athletic organization to join, although it may compete against teams from other levels and organizations during regular-season competition.
Professional wrestling is often concluded in a raised ring; akin to boxing. Professional wrestling was considered a genuinely competitive sport up until around the s, with occasional shoot matches still occurring well into the s and 40s.
Modern day professional wrestling, although advertised as contests , are actually exhibitions with winners generally pre-determined to increase entertainment value.
Professional wrestling has traditionally been based on catch wrestling holds, although earlier forms existed based on Greco-Roman wrestling in the 19th century.
Matches are highly theatrical, with dramatic stories such as feuds between the athletes developed and performed as part of build-up and promotion for matches.
Before its increase in popularity in the mid s, professional wrestling in the United States was organised as a cartel of regional monopolies, known as "territories.
A different style of professional wrestling evolved in the United Kingdom and spread across Western Europe where it was known as "Catch" in the non English speaking countries of mainland Europe.
Traditionally in this style, there was less use of storylines and angles to promote the matches which, for the most part, had the atmosphere of real wrestling competition.
In many countries such as the UK, this form of professional wrestling achieved mainstream popularity with television making household names of its stars, but later declined and was supplanted both on television and in wider culture by imported American wrestling.
Some promoters in the UK and to a lesser extent France and Germany still produce live shows in this style but face stiff competition from more American-styled rivals.
Japanese professional wrestling, also known as puroresu , is also treated more as a sport than the entertainment style of wrestling common in North America.
Techniques include use of amateur or shoot wrestling tactics in addition to hard hitting martial arts strikes and complex submission maneuvers.
This means that the wrestlers are more prone to injury. Mexican professional wrestling, also known as lucha libre , is a style of wrestling using special holds.
Most performers, known as luchadores singular luchador , begin their careers wearing masks, but most will lose their masks during their careers.
Traditionally a match involves the best of three rounds, with no time limit. Each luchador uses his own special wrestling style or "estilo de lucha" consisting of aerial attack moves, strikes and complex submission holds.
In France in the 19th century, early professional wrestling shows in the Greco-Roman style were often performed at the circus by the resident strongmen.
This style later spread to circuses in Eastern Europe, particularly in Russia where it was a staple part of circuses in the Soviet era, where it was often advertised as "French wrestling.
Sambo is a martial art that originated in the Soviet Union specifically Russia in the 20th century.Breaking WWE News. The latest news, interviews, live coverage and more following WWE, AEW, NJPW, ROH, Impact Wrestling, Indie Wrestling, MLW and more! 1 day ago · The latest wrestling news, rumors, spoilers, and WWE Monday Night Raw, Royal Rumble, WrestleMania, SummerSlam, Survivor Series results and more. United World Wrestling (UWW) is the international governing body for the sport of amateur wrestling; its duties include overseeing wrestling at the Olympics. It presides over international competitions for various forms of wrestling, including Greco-Roman wrestling, freestyle wrestling for men and women, as well as others. The flagship event of UWW is the Wrestling World Championships.